Living on the Edge Intergrated Development Management of Semmi-urbanized Villages towards Disaster Risilience and Sustainability: Case of Tughlakabad Village in Delhi, India
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India’s urban transformation has brought dynamics to various parts of urban development. Within the process of transformation, the urban-rural interface is one of the most dynamic spatial features of any urban agglomeration (Datta, 2005). The interesting fact we could observe from those urbanizing settlements in Delhi, is the phenomenon that every urban village reflects different phase of urbanization process, or different stage of transition. Semiurbanized villages along with the urban-rural interface are the base of focus for this research. From one side, these semi-urbanized villages are labeled as ‘urbanized’ on city planning file; from the other side, they are always ‘marginal’ in policy making, planning implementation and development management. Meanwhile since India subcontinent is exposed to various hazards and Delhi is one of the most populous megacities in the nation and in the world, the city is more vulnerable facing urban disaster risks. So as the ‘marginal’ in ‘vulnerable’, how justified are the contemporary situations in the semi-urbanized village of Delhi, Tughlakabad Village to be ‘vulnerable’? The research is based on case study and analysis in Tughlakabad Village of Delhi India, mainly focuses on integrated development issues towards disaster resilience and sustainability, in order to discover the challenges and capacity vulnerability under the situations in such a semi-urbanized village. The theoretical analysis framework of case study is developed based on BBC model incorporating exposure and coping capacity in to vulnerability (Birkmann, 2005; Villagrán de León, 2006); aiming at finding out capacity vulnerability from four spheres which include physical, socio-cultural, economic and institutional aspects. Case study is carried out from two levels both including the specific local context and the enabling environment. Lack of coping capacity including local knowledge and locality of worker sill, access to infrastructure and life line structure etc. is unfolded through field exploration and analysis of empirical evidence. However, the implications from the findings emerge the importance of the conception of ‘integrated’, which emphasized integration between those spheres instead of exclusively addressing research into the spheres.