“Made for a Friend” : a recipient perspective on self-produced outcome evaluation
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- Master Thesis 
This thesis examines the effects of self-production on outcome evaluations and preferred level of involvement in the self-production task. Although several studies have already addressed this issue, we extend these findings and emphasize the importance of the recipient of the outcome of self-production, which appears often to be ignored. In two experimental studies, we distinguish between self-production for oneself and self-production for someone else, and investigate the effects and potential differences with regard to this aspect. In Study 1, we hypothesized that self-production for someone else results in more negative outcome evaluations and higher preferences for low self-production treatment. Moreover, we assumed a self-produced outcome (the coffee) mainly reflects the self-producer’s ideal selfconcept when adapted for a friend. Eight hypotheses are subsequently proposed, for situations involving preparing a coffee under two different levels of self-production produced for either oneself or someone else, i.e. a friend. All of them are supported by theories from academic articles, books and other relevant marketing sources. A real self-production experiment design was chosen: the data were obtained from students with different international background. The findings from Study 1 demonstrate that self-production for a friend does not result in more negative outcome evaluations. In fact, there were no significant differences in outcome evaluations between self-producers that were preparing the outcome for themselves and selfproducers that were preparing the outcome for their friend. Moreover, results did not show higher preferences for low-self-production treatment when self-producing for a friend. We did not observe more positive outcome evaluations in low-self-production conditions or any relationship with higher perceived risk, as we had assumed. Lastly, the self-produced outcome reflects self-producer’s perceptions about the recipient rather than his or her ideal selfconcept. In Study 2 we proposed three additional hypotheses. The analysis showed that outcome satisfaction mediates the positive effects of both process enjoyment and self-production effort on taste evaluations. Moreover, self-production for oneself enhances perceived selfproduction effort while self-production for a friend boosts process enjoyment instead according to our results. Last but not least, limitations and both theoretical and managerial implications are addressed and suggestions for future research are provided.