Creative Tools in Reconciliation after Terrorism. A case study of the presence and impact of creative tools in reconciliation after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 and July 22, 2011.
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The objective of this thesis is to answer the following research question: How can creative tools be utilized to facilitate processes of societal reconciliation after terrorism? Creative tools are understood as metaphors, stories and rituals, functioning as potential instruments in conflict resolution and reconciliation. Concepts and understandings connected to terrorism and reconciliation as phenomena are investigated, in order to discuss societal efforts of reconciliation after terrorism. The thesis looks to reconciliation as healing and restoration of the ruptured society, specifically focusing on the damage and ruptures caused by terrorist attacks on the symbolic dimensions within a society. It is argued that such an objective requires a different set of tools and concepts than those utilized in handling the material dimensions of the destruction.