Biodiversity in freshwaters: temporal trends and response to water chemistry (ICP Waters report 114/2013)
Velle, Gaute; Telford, Richard J.; Curtis, Chris; Eriksson, Lars; Fjellheim, Arne; Frolova, Marina; Fölster, Jens; Grudule, Natalja; Halvorsen, Godtfred A.; Hildrew, Alan; Hoffmann, Andreas; Indriksone, Iveta; Kamasová, Lenka; Kopáèek, Jiøí; Orton, Stuart; Krám, Pavel; Monteith, Don T.; Senoo, Takaaki; Shilland, Ewan M.; Stuchlík, Evžen; Wiklund, Magda-Lena; de Wit, Heleen; Skjelkvaale, Brit Lisa
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- NIVA-rapport 
This report describes trends in biological diversity of benthic invertebrates from acid-sensitive lakes and rivers sampled between 1982 and 2011 in the Czech Republic, Germany, Latvia, Norway, Sweden and the UK. The results indicate an overall increase in species diversity during the study period, especially in the rivers. The increase in biodiversity is correlated with declining sulphate concentrations in surface waters, which in their turn are related to reduced atmospheric deposition of sulphur. The changes in biodiversity could be related chemical recovery of surface waters, where reduced sulphate concentrations are associated with increased pH and lowered aluminium concentrations. Apart from the increasing species diversity seen in most sites, the biological recovery trends varied among sites. As a consequence of increased species diversity, the aquatic ecosystems are likely to have a higher resilience against future threats. We can expect an analogous increase in species diversity for comparable sites elsewhere. The improved biodiversity in acid-sensitive waters is in contrast to the world-wide trend of decreasing freshwater species diversity. Our results suggest that international policies to reduce sulphur emissions have promoted a positive development in species diversity of invertebrates in acid-sensitive surface waters.
PublisherNorsk institutt for vannforskning
ICP Waters report;114/2013