Documentation of ICT Usage for Maya Development: a Case Study from Aguacatán, Guatemala
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have for development of the Maya people in Guatemala. Another aim was to see how foreign influences change marginalized communities. Finally, the relation between humans, development and technology was examined in the study. By using a qualitative approach, observations and semi-structured interviews were conducted. However, the most interesting information was acquired through informal conversations in everyday settings. It was found that Guatemala’s turbulent historical background, as well as the socio-economical differences in the country, influences consequences for development. ICTs are present, but not used in accordance with the opportunities they give because of lack of skills and knowledge. Also, development among marginalized populations was different than a western perspective immediately would conclude. While the Guatemalan Government follows neoliberal tendencies by highlighting industry and technology, the Maya people are interested in acquiring human rights and equality. The main conclusion was that the situation is complicated and while ICTs are not necessary for development per se, our globalized world makes it difficult to escape.