Downhole cutting tool design concept for use with the AWS “Driller”
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Production tubing cutting operations is getting more and more common in the North Sea; this is a product of an increasing number of Plug and Abandonment operations and re-completions of old wells. The most common method of cutting production tubing has for a long time been explosive cutters. These cutters are relatively simple in use, cheap to produce and quite reliable. However, explosive cutters are as the name implies containing explosives. Explosive handling offshore should be kept to a minimum since the consequence of an explosion during handling of these types of cutters would most likely be fatal. Together with the other disadvantages of explosive cutters a non-explosive cutter should always be considered for the job. The goal with this thesis was to design a non-explosive cutting tool that could be powered by an already existing Electro-Mechanical AWS tool. A part of this task it has been to present some of the already existing cutting tools on the market. Further basic well design is described to give a better understanding of why downhole cutting tools are needed. Different completion parts are described together with some examples of why the production tubing needs to be cut and removed. An interview with 3 different oil companies has also been conducted. This interview indicates that these three operator companies are positive with running Electro-Mechanical cutting tools in the future. There is also a chapter in this thesis where it is discussed how condition monitoring can be implemented in the between-job maintenance of the cutting concept. These techniques could be used by any other tool suitable for condition monitoring. It is in this thesis concluded that this design concept can be a developed into a functioning cutting tool, if an appropriate centralization mechanism is developed. It does also conclude that condition monitoring should be implemented in the between run maintenance of downhole tools suitable for condition monitoring.
Master's thesis in Offshore technology