Fra hall til stove
Chapter, Peer reviewed
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- AmS-Varia 
Original versionSørheim, Helge (2005) In : Høgestøl, Mari (red.) Konstruksjonsspor og byggeskikk : maskinell flateavdekking - metodikk, tolkning og forvaltning. Stavanger : Arkeologisk museum
With the introduction of cross-timbered dwelling houses around 1000 AD, a several thousand years old building tradition in Norway was broken. The cross-timbering technique that in fact was well known at this time, being used in older wells and grave constructions, was first taken into use in dwelling houses in the new towns that grew up at the end of the Viking period. The new townsmen, not bound by the old traditions like the farmers, were ready to take into use new ideas and techniques. Soon a new «standard type» of dwelling house was constructed: The two-room building with a small entrance room and a main room with an open fireplace in the corner. From the towns the timbering technique and the two room-houses were spread to the countryside which resulted in, among other things, that the traditional long farmhouse which gathered all the different functions on the farm, was split up into several smaller buildings, each serving different purposes as barn, dwellings, stable, smithy etc.