Removing policy based comparative advantage for energy intensive production. Necessary adjustments of the real exchange rate and industry structure
MetadataShow full item record
- Discussion Papers 
Abstract: National and international expansion of transmission networks and diminishing returns to scale in hydropower capacity expansion has raised the opportunity cost of electricity. The resulting changes in comparative advantage between industries have in many countries been counteracted by government assistance to energy intensive industries. A good example is the implicit electricity price subsidies offered to energy intensive manufacturing in Norway through the state owned power company Statkraft. We use firm data to assess the share of firms that will survive in the long run when these subsidies are removed, highlighting that large cost heterogeneity within the industries may imply diminishing returns to scale at the industry level. This feature is incorporated in a multisectoral CGE model, which is used to estimate the equilibrium adjustments of the industry structure and relative prices of removing the subsidies. Such a policy will lead to a less specialised industry structure and reduces gross trade. The positive public budget effect allows the government to cut other taxes, which fuels the real exchange rate depreciation necessary to meet the national budget constraint. Keywords: Industry policy, Comparative advantage, Structural change
PublisherStatistics Norway, Research Department
SeriesDiscussion Papers;No. 462
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Markets where buyers also are sellers : how realized home equity may work as an accelerator of house prices Larsen, Erling Røed (Discussion Papers;No. 618, Working paper, 2010)Abstract: The house price level is a function of buyers’ realized home equity, and buyers’ realized home equity is a function of the house price level. This interdependence follows from the fact that buyers are sellers ...
Larsson, Jan; Telle, Kjetil (Discussion Papers;No. 411, Working paper, 2005)Abstract: The Integration Pollution and Prevention Control (IPPC) directive from the European Union implies that the regulatory emission caps should be set in accordance with each industry’s Best Available Techniques ...
Bye, Brita (Discussion Papers;No. 242, Working paper, 1998)The working of the labour market is important for the total welfare effects of tax reforms. This paper analyses, by using a computable general equilibrium model for the Norwegian economy, how different assumptions about ...