Designing an electricity tax system in presence of international regulations and multiple public goals : an empirical assessment
MetadataShow full item record
- Discussion Papers 
Abstract: The European competition rules restrict governments’ opportunity to differentiate terms of energy accessibility among firms and industries. This easily runs counter with regional and industrial goals of national energy policies. Norway levies a tax on use of electricity, but exempts main industrial usages. This analysis assesses alternative, internationally legal, designs of the system in terms of their effects on efficiency and distribution, including industrial objectives. Among the reforms we explore, removing the exemptions would be the most effective way of raising revenue, but it would be politically costly by deteriorating the competitiveness of today's favoured industries. An entire abolishment of the electricity tax, and replacing revenue by increased VAT, would generate a more equal distribution of standard of living and, at the same time, avoid the trade-off between efficiency and competitiveness. Keywords: Tax reform; Multiple policy goals; Computable general equilibrium model JEL classification: D31, D58, F15, H21, H23, J68, L52
PublisherStatistics Norway, Research Department
SeriesDiscussion Papers;No. 555
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Markets where buyers also are sellers : how realized home equity may work as an accelerator of house prices Larsen, Erling Røed (Discussion Papers;No. 618, Working paper, 2010)Abstract: The house price level is a function of buyers’ realized home equity, and buyers’ realized home equity is a function of the house price level. This interdependence follows from the fact that buyers are sellers ...
Bye, Brita (Discussion Papers;No. 242, Working paper, 1998)The working of the labour market is important for the total welfare effects of tax reforms. This paper analyses, by using a computable general equilibrium model for the Norwegian economy, how different assumptions about ...
Removing policy based comparative advantage for energy intensive production. Necessary adjustments of the real exchange rate and industry structure Bye, Torstein; Holmøy, Erling; Heide, Kim Massey (Discussion Papers;No. 462, Working paper, 2006)Abstract: National and international expansion of transmission networks and diminishing returns to scale in hydropower capacity expansion has raised the opportunity cost of electricity. The resulting changes in comparative ...