• The multi-sectoral growth model MSG-4 : formal structure and empirical characteristics 

      Longva, Svein; Olsen, Øystein; Lorentsen, Lorents (Discussion Paper;No. 8, Working paper, 1985)
      In the first part of this paper a brief retrospective survey of the development of the MSG model is given, from it was first presented in Johansen (1960) until the present version MSG-4. Some principal choices to be ...
    • Markov chains generated by maximizing components of multidimensional extremal processes 

      Dagsvik, John K. (Discussion Papers;No. 12, Working paper, 1985)
      A multidimensional inhomogenous extremal process is defined and it is demonstrated that it belongs to the class of pure jump Markov processes. Let {Z.(t)} be the j-th component of the process. Let {J(t)} be a finite state ...
    • What are the options for non-OPEC producing countries? 

      Berger, Kjell; Bjerkholt, Olav; Olsen, Øystein (Discussion Paper;No. 26, Working paper, 1987)
      This paper discuss medium- and long term strategies for non-OPEC oil producing countries highly dependent on petroleum revenues. First a picture of the international oil market of the 1990s is outlined. Then we look at ...
    • Fuel choice and the demand for natural gas in Western European households 

      Bartlett, Sarita; Dagsvik, John K.; Olsen, Øystein; Strøm, Steinar (Discussion Paper;No. 23, Working paper, 1987)
      The paper presents an econometric model for analysing natural gas demand for space heating in the residential sector in Weste rn Europe. A discrete-continuous • dynamic choice model is specified. Households' decisions ...
    • Stochastic properties and functional forms in life cycle : models for transitions into and out of employment 

      Dagsvik, John K.; Aaberge, Rolf (Discussion Papers;No. 24, Working paper, 1987)
      The paper discusses a justification for a particular econometric framework for analysing transitions into and out of employment in an intertemporal context with uncertainty. The analysis extends the models found in the ...
    • Econometric analysis of labor supply in a life cycle context with uncertainty 

      Dagsvik, John K. (Discussion Papers;No. 21, Working paper, 1987)
      The paper considers a recent econometric approach for analysing labor supply in a life cycle context. The model we present extends MaCurdy's (1982) model in that the wage rate is assumed to depend on previous labor market ...
    • Effective rates of assistance for Norwegian industries 

      Holmøy, Erling; Hægeland, Torbjørn; Olsen, Øystein (Discussion Papers;No. 122, Working paper, 1994)
      We measure the effective assistance to 18 Norwegian private industries in 1989 caused by government budgetary subsidies, indirect commodity taxes, import protection through nominal tariffs and non-tariff-barriers, price ...
    • The Future burden of public pension benefits. A microsimulation study 

      Andreassen, Leif; Fredriksen, Dennis; Ljones, Olav (Discussion Papers;No. 115, Working paper, 1994)
      The microsimulation model MOSART is used to analyse the long run development in disability and old-age pensions covered by the Norwegian National Insurance System. The number of pensioners will increase relative to the ...
    • Criminometrics, latent variables, panel data, and different types of crime 

      Aasness, Jørgen; Eide, Erling; Skjerpen, Terje (Discussion Papers;No. 124, Working paper, 1994)
      A behavioural model of crime is developed and applied to panel data on the number of crimes and clear-ups for the 53 police districts in Norway for the period 1970-78. Data on both total crime and on 12 different types of ...
    • A macromodel of local government spending behaviour in Norway 

      Langørgen, Audun (Discussion Papers;No. 117, Working paper, 1994)
      A cooperative bargaining model is adapted to the setting of local government in Norway. Aggregate consumption, the capital stock and net financial wealth in the local public sector are endogenized. The origin of intertia ...
    • Carbon taxes and the petroleum wealth 

      Rosendahl, Knut Einar (Discussion Papers;No. 128, Working paper, 1994)
      The aim of this paper is to examine the impacts of a global carbon tax on fossil fuel markets. In particular, the effect on the Norwegian, as well as the global, petroleum wealth is studied. Most empirical models of fossil ...
    • Does improved environmental policy enhance economic growth? endogenous growth theory applied to developing countries 

      Rosendahl, Knut Einar (Discussion Papers;No. 114, Working paper, 1994)
      The environmental impacts on an economy is studied over time using endogenous growth theory. Externalities from the environment on production are central in the analysis, and we examine whether an optimal path realizes ...
    • Import price formation and pricing to market: A test on Norwegian data 

      Naug, Bjørn E.; Nymoen, Ragnar (Discussion Papers;No. 157, Working paper, 1995)
      This paper investigates the determinants of Norwegian import prices of manufactures over the period 1970(1) - 1991(4). Multivariate cointegration analysis establishes a long-run relationship between import prices, foreign ...
    • Noisy signals in target zone regimes theory and Monte Carlo experiments 

      Holden, Steinar; Kolsrud, Dag; Vikøren, Birger (Discussion Papers;No. 160, Working paper, 1995)
      Previous empirical evidence indicates that uncovered interest rate parity (UIP) does not hold for target zone exchange rates, like those in the European Monetary System and in the Nordic countries. We explore a target zone ...
    • Financial deregulation and consumer behavior: the Norwegian experience 

      Boug, Pål; Mork, Knut Anton; Tjemsland, Trond (Discussion Papers;No. 156, Working paper, 1995)
      The present paper uses the model by Campbell and Mankiw (1991) to examine the Norwegian consumer behavior and the role of the financial deregulation during the 1980s. For quarterly data on non-durables and services, we ...
    • Choosing measures of inequality for empirical applications 

      Aaberge, Rolf (Discussion Papers;No. 158, Working paper, 1995)
      This paper is concerned with the distribution of income and the problem of choosing summary measures of inequality for empirical applications. By introducing a simple transformation of the Lorenz curve one is led to three ...
    • Distributional and behavioural effects of child care subsidies 

      Thoresen, Thor Olav (Discussion Papers;No. 135, Working paper, 1995)
      A methodology to describe the distributional and behavioural effects of child care subsidies is presented within a micro simulation framework. We discuss the effects of changing the governmental policy to support families ...
    • Income inequality and income mobility in the Scandinavian countries compared to the United States 

      Aaberge, Rolf; Björklund, Anders; Jäntti, Markus; Palme, Mårten; Pedersen, Peder J.; Smith, Nina; Wennemo, Tom (Discussion Papers;No. 168, Working paper, 1996)
      This paper compares income inequality and income mobility in the Scandinavian countries and the United States during the 1980's. The results demonstrate that inequality is greater in the United States than in the Scandinavian ...
    • Decomposition of the gini coefficient by income components : various types of applications and interpretations 

      Aaberge, Rolf; Aslaksen, Iulie (Discussion Papers;No. 182, Working paper, 1996)
      This paper aims at clarifying the notion "overall distributive effect" of an income component or a policy proposal and moreover discusses various approaches for assessing the distributional impact of the components of total ...
    • Monopolistic competition, resource allocation and the effects of industrial policy 

      Hægeland, Torbjørn (Discussion Papers;No. 161, Working paper, 1996)
      An indicator of allocation effects of industrial policy is derived from a theoretical framework of monopolistic competition. The indicator gives a qualitative picture of how industrial policy affects industry structure and ...