Zombie-like or superconscious? A phenomenological and conceptual analysis of consciousness in elite sport
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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- Artikler / Articles 
Original versionJournal of the philosophy of sport. 2013, 40(1), 85-106 10.1080/00948705.2012.725890
According to a view defended by Hubert Dreyfus and others, elite athletes are totally absorbed while they are performing, and they act non-deliberately without any representational or conceptual thinking. By using both conceptual clarification and phenomenological description the article criticizes this view and maintains that various forms of conscious thinking and acting plays an important role before, during and after competitive events. The article describes in phenomenological detail how elite athletes use consciousness in their actions in sport; as planning, attention, thinking, decision, and monitoring of performance. Elite athletes do not act as zombies. It is concluded that qualia and phenomenal consciousness are important phenomena in elite sport.
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