Overweight and waist circumference among Norwegian 11-year-olds and associations with reported parental overweight and waist circumference : the HEIA study
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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- Artikler / Articles 
Original versionScandinavian Journal of Public Health. 2010, 38(Suppl. 5), 19-27
Aims: The aim of this paper is to investigate anthropometric characteristics in 11-year-old Norwegian by gender and parental education, and to study associations between adolescents’ overweight and waist circumference (WC) and maternal and paternal overweight and WC. Methods: A total of 1483 adolescents, 1156 mothers, and 1016 fathers participated in the baseline survey of the HEalth In Adolescents (HEIA) study (September 2007). Anthropometric measures of the adolescents were assessed by project staff according to standard procedures. Self-reported data about pubertal status were collected through questionnaires. Parental education and anthropometric measures of parents were collected by self-report. Results: The prevalence of overweight (including obesity) determined by the cut-offs for body mass index (BMI) suggested by the International Obesity Task Force was 14.6% among girls and 13.6% among boys. The highest prevalence of overweight was observed among adolescents with parents who had less than 12 years of education (18.8%). Overweight and WC in girls was strongly associated with maternal overweight and WC. For boys, overweight and WC was strongly associated with both maternal and paternal overweight and WC. Conclusions: There was a social gradient in anthropometric characteristics and overweight rates among Norwegian 11-year-old adolescents. Maternal overweight and WC was associated with overweight and WC in girls and boys, while paternal overweight and WC were associated with overweight andWCin boys. The results indicate that mothers are key persons in prevention of overweight among adolescents, despite gender. Fathers are important as role models for their sons. Targeting parental overweight/ obesity could be a strategy in future interventions.
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