Now showing items 1-10 of 988
Explaining vertical integration : transaction cost economics and competence considerations
(Working paper2000:77, Working paper, 2000-12)
This study develops a conceptual model that explains vertical integration as a synthesis of transaction costs economics and the competence perspective. Our empirical results show that asset specificity and closeness to ...
Regulation and pricing of pharmaceuticals : reference pricing or price cap regulation?
(Working paper2006:40, Working paper, 2006-11)
We study the relationship between regulatory regimes and pharmaceutical firms pricing strategies using a unique policy experiment from Norway, which in 2003 introduced a reference price (RP) system called “index pricing” ...
Two-part pricing, consumer heterogeneity and cournot competition
(Working paper2005:26, Working paper, 2005-04)
We analyze two-part tariffs in an oligopoly, where each firm commits to a quantity and a fixed fee prior to the determination of unit prices. In the case of homogeneous consumers, Harrison and Kline (2001) showed that the ...
The risk sharing effects of social security and the stochastic properties of income growth
(Report2002:51, Research report, 2002-12)
Time-series analyses of output and productivity data suggest that shocks are fairly persistent. This has implications for the intergenerational risk-sharing effects of pay-as-you-go (paygo) social security programs. By ...
Advertising and newspaper differentiation : on the role of readers’ advertising taste
(Working paper2006:52, Working paper, 2006-12)
Newspapers have an incentive to moderate their profile in order to gain a larger readership and thus higher advertising revenue. We show that this incentive is weakened both if readers are ad-haters and if they are ad-lovers.
Free choice, waiting time and length of stay in Norwegian hospitals
(Working paper2005:21, Working paper, 2005-04)
In many countries’ public health care systems patients now have choice of hospital. Hospitals compete by offering quality services. In Norway, freedom of choice was expected to reduce waiting time for planned admissions. ...
Gender wage gap studies : consistency and decomposition
(Working paper2006:48, Working paper, 2006-12)
This paper reviews the empirical literature on the gender wage gap, with particular attention given to the identification of the key parameters in human capital wage regression models. This is of great importance in the ...
Deregulation of the Norwegian market for dairy products
(Working Paper2001:2, Working paper, 2001-01)
The Norwegian dairy policy is based on price discrimination. Monopoly profit is passed on to the farmers by raising the average price of milk. This procedure increases milk production, and involves cross-subsidization. ...
The blue whiting coalition game
(Working paper2008:23, Working paper, 2008-09)
The current paper is an application of the analysis of coalition, in particular the partition function approach, to the North East Atlantic blue whiting fishery. In an Exclusive Membership/Coalition Unanimity game, a ...
When is fish quota enforcement worth while? : a study of the Northeast Arctic cod
(Working paper2008:27, Working paper, 2008-09)
Many fish stocks are controlled by fish quotas divided among individual firms. Such quota regimes need an enforcement mechanism in order to be effective. Whether or not quota management regimes are worth while depends on ...