Now showing items 221-240 of 636

    • Har eiendomsskatten økonomiske konsekvenser for norske selskaper?: En analyse av eiendomsskattens påvirkning på lokalt næringsliv 

      Stensland, Anne Karin; Hamran, Ingrid (Master thesis, 2016)
      Den norske eiendomsskatten er interessant å studere i den forstand at den er en frivillig kommunal skatt, der kommunen selv råder over inntektene. Mange argumenter eksisterer for hvorfor skatten er bra eller dårlig for ...
    • Harmonization of Corporate Tax Systems and its Effect on Collusive Behavior 

      Schindler, Dirk; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-01)
      We study how harmonization of corporate tax systems affects the stability of international cartels. We show that tax base harmonization reinforces collusive agreements, while harmonization of corporate tax rates may ...
    • Harvest control rules in modern fisheries management 

      Kvamsdal, Sturla F; Eide, Arne; Ekerhovd, Nils-Arne; Enberg, Katja; Gudmundsdottir, Asta; Hoel, Alf Håkon; Mills, Katherine E.; Mueter, Franz J.; Ravn-Jonsen, Lars; Sandal, Leif Kristoffer; Stiansen, Jan Erik; Vestergaard, Niels (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Harvest control rules have become an important tool in modern fisheries management, and are increasingly adopted to provide continuity in management practices, to deal with uncertainty and ecosystem considerations, and to ...
    • Harvesting in a Fishery with Stochastic Growth and a Mean-Reverting Price 

      Kvamsdal, Sturla F; Poudel, Diwakar; Sandal, Leif Kristoffer (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      We analyze a continuous, nonlinear bioeconomic model to demonstrate how stochasticity in the growth of fish stocks affects the optimal exploitation policy when prices are stochastic, mean-reverting and possibly harvest ...
    • Heterogeniety and limited stock market participation 

      Aase, Knut K. (Discussion paper;05/14, Working paper, 2014-02)
      We derive the equilibrium interest rate and risk premiums using recursive utility with heterogeneity in a continuous time model. Two ordinally equivalent versions are considered, each associated with a di erent set of ...
    • A hit-and-run interloper model for a regional fisheries management on the high sea 

      Sandal, Leif Kristoffer; Steinshamn, Stein Ivar; McKelvey, Robert W. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2002-07)
      The 1993 U.N. Straddling Stock Agreement prescribes a multi-national organizational structure for management of an exploited marine fish stock, one whose range straddles both .Extended Economic Zones. (EEZs) and high seas ...
    • Holomorphic convexity and Carleman approximation by entire functions on Stein manifolds 

      Manne, Per Erik; Wold, Erlend Fornæss; Øvrelid, Nils (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      We give necessary and sufficient conditions for totally real sets in Stein manifolds to admit Carleman approximation of class Ck , k ≥ 1, by entire functions.
    • Hotelling competition with multi-purchasing 

      Anderson, Simon P.; Foros, Øystein; Kind, Hans Jarle (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-12)
      We analyze a Hotelling model where consumers either buy one out of two goods (single-purchase) or both (multi-purchase). The firms pricing strategies turn out to be fundamentally different if some consumers multi-purchase ...
    • How electricity price spikes can help overcome the energy efficiency gap 

      Mauritzen, Johannes (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Using data on Google searches, I suggest that the spiky nature of electricity markets has a strong effect on searching for information on energy efficiency goods. I identify the informational effect by decomposing prices ...
    • How time preferences differ : evidence from 45 countries 

      Wang, Mei; Rieger, Marc Oliver; Hens, Thorsten (Discussion paper;2011:18, Working paper, 2011-10)
      We present results from the first large-scale international survey on time discounting, conducted in 45 countries. Cross-country variation cannot simply be explained by economic variables such as interest rates or ...
    • How to extend the RiskMetrics market risk universe 

      Bjerksund, Petter; Stensland, Gunnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2002)
      RiskMetrics™ (RM) represents a framework for measuring market risk founded on the Value at Risk concept, and offer daily updated estimates of standard deviations and correlations of the assets within their market risk ...
    • How to measure greenhouse gas emissions by fuel type for binary sustainability standards: Average or Marginal emissions? An example of fertilizer use and corn ethanol 

      Zhu, Xueqin; Yan, Shiyu; Smeets, Edward; van Berkum, Siemen (Discussion paper;3/17, Working paper, 2017-02-28)
      This study proposed a modelling framework which addresses various issues such as decreasing marginal yield of corn with respect to fertilizer use in biofuel production and the resulting greenhouse gas emissions. Particularly, ...
    • How to Use One Instrument to Identify Two Elasticities 

      Gavrilova, Evelina; Zoutman, Floris T.; Hopland, Arnt O. (Discussion paper;2/17, Working paper, 2017-02-27)
      We show that an insight from taxation theory allows identification of both the supply and demand elasticities with only one instrument. Ramsey (1928) and subsequent models of taxation assume that a tax levied on the demand ...
    • Human capital, multiple income risk and social insurance 

      Schindler, Dirk (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-09)
      We set up an OLG-model, where households both choose human capital investment and decide on investing their endogenous savings in a portfolio of riskless and risky assets, exposing them to (aggregate) wage and capital risks ...
    • Hva vet vi om dem som skjuler inntekt og formue i skatteparadis? 

      Andersson, Jonas; Lillestøl, Jostein; Støve, Bård; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      I denne artikkelen presenteres resultater fra et prosjekt utført for SNF (Samfunns- og Næringslivsforskning) på oppdrag av Skattedirektoratet (SKD). Hensikten med prosjektet var å finne kjennetegn ved personlige skattytere ...
    • Hvorfor kjøper bedrifter forsikring? 

      Nordahl, Helge A. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      De fleste bedrifter bruker forsikring som en del av sin risikostyring. For mange praktikere er dette en selvfølge, men klassiske teoretiske verk innen finans predikerer det motsatte, nemlig at bedriftene bør overlate til ...
    • Hvorfor samarbeide? 

      Audy, Jean-Francois; Lehoux, Nadia; D'Amours, Sophie; Rönnqvist, Mikael (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      Mange bedrifter ser på samarbeid som en mulighet til å styrke sin egen konkurransekraft, få tilgang til nye markeder og innfri operasjonelle, samfunnsmessige og miljørelaterte krav og restriksjoner. Samtidig har hver enkelt ...
    • Hvor viktig er rederiskatteordningen for å beholde rederiene i Norge? 

      Augustinussen, Isabel; Baardson, Ida Engseth (Master thesis, 2012)
      Temaet i denne utredningen er beskatning av rederier. I 1996 ble det for første gang innført særregler for rederibeskatning og regelverket har siden den gang vært gjenstand for flere revideringer. Stadig flere rederier ...
    • A hybrid method based on linear programming and tabu search for routing of logging trucks 

      Flisberg, Patrik; Lidén, Bertil; Rönnqvist, Mikael (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007)
      In this paper, we consider an operational routing problem to decide the daily routes of logging trucks in forestry. The industrial problem is difficult and includes aspects such as pickup and delivery with split pickups, ...
    • Hybrid Pricing in a Coupled European Power Market with More Wind Power 

      Bjørndal, Endre; Bjørndal, Mette; Cai, Hong; Panos, Evangelos (Discussion paper;28/15, Working paper, 2015-10-28)
      In the European market, the promotion of wind power leads to more network congestion. Zonal pricing (market coupling), which does not take the physical characteristics of transmission into account, is the most commonly ...