Now showing items 1-20 of 519

    • The 19th century Antarctic sealing industry : sources, data and economic significance 

      Basberg, Bjørn L.; Headland, Robert K. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-09)
      Sealing was the first exploitative industry in the Antarctic region. Throughout the 19th century it was characterized by large fluctuations in harvests and shifts in hunting grounds as seals were almost exterminated in ...
    • A behaviour-based approach to the estimation of poverty in India 

      Almås, Ingvild; Kjelsrud, Anders Grøn; Somanathan, Rohini (Discussion paper;2/2013, Working paper, 2013-01)
      Since the late 1970s, the price indices underlying the poverty lines in India have been updated using aggregate indices. Widespread criticism of these indices led to the adoption of a new o cial methodology in 2011 based ...
    • Access pricing, quality degradation, and foreclosure in the Internet 

      Foros, Øystein; Kind, Hans Jarle; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-03)
      Access to both a local and a global network is needed in order to get complete connection to the Internet. The purpose of this article is to examine the interplay between those two networks and how it affects the domestic ...
    • A Corporate-Crime Perspective on Fisheries: Liability Rules and Non-Compliance 

      Jensen, Frank; Nøstbakken, Linda (Discussion paper;20/15, Working paper, 2015-08)
      The existing fisheries economics literature analyzes compliance problems by treating the fishing firm as one cohesive unit, but in many cases, violations are committed by agents acting on behalf of a firm. To account for ...
    • A crisis not wasted : institutional and structural reforms behind Norway’s strong macroeconomic performance 

      Steigum, Erling; Thøgersen, Øystein (Discussion Papers;18/2013, Working paper, 2013-12)
      This paper draws the line between the Norwegian boom-bust cycle and crises in the late 1980s and early 1990s, the succeeding institutional and structural reforms and the strong macroeconomic performance and stability of ...
    • Adam Smith and modern economics 

      Sandmo, Agnar (Discussion paper;13/2014, Working paper, 2014-04)
      In his Wealth of Nations (1776) Adam Smith created an agenda for the study of the economy that is reflected in the structure of modern economics. This paper describes Smith’s contributions to four central areas of economic ...
    • Adapt or withdraw? :evidence on technological changes and early retirement using matched worker-firm data 

      Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Rønningen, Dag; Hægeland, Torbjørn (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-08)
      Older workers typically possess older vintages of skills than younger workers, and they may suffer more from technological change. Experienced workers never the less have accumulated human capital that make them suitable ...
    • After “Raising the Bar”: applied maximum likelihood estimation of families of models in spatial econometrics 

      Bivand, Roger S. (Discussion Papers;22/2011, Working paper, 2011-11)
      Elhorst (2010) shows how the recent publication of LeSage and Pace (2009) in his expression “raises the bar” for our fitting of spatial econometrics models. By extending the family of models that deserve attention, Elhorst ...
    • A Fundamental Externality in the Labour Market? Ragnar Frisch on the socially optimal amount of work. 

      Sandmo, Agnar (DP SAM;2/2018, Working paper, 2018-01)
      In the late 1940s, Ragnar Frisch published two articles in Norwegian that constitute a pioneering attempt to apply welfare economics to a problem of economic policy. The main contention of the articles is that there exists ...
    • Agglomeration, tax competition and local public goods supply 

      Norman, Eva Benedicte Danielsen; Norman, Victor D. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-07)
      In this paper we develop a framework for studying tax competition and local public goods supply in a setting where real and fiscal externalities interact with local democracy. We use the framework (a) to analyse if there ...
    • All-pay auctions with affiliated values 

      Chi, Chang Koo; Murto, Pauli; Välimäki, Juuso (DP SAM;13/2017, Working paper, 2017-08)
      This paper analyzes all-pay auctions where the bidders have affiliated values for the object for sale and where the signals take binary values. Since signals are correlated, high signals indicate a high degree of competition ...
    • An alternative way to model merit good arguments 

      Schroyen, Fred (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-10)
      Besley (1988) uses a scaling approach to model merit good arguments in commodity tax policy. In this paper, I question this approach on the grounds that it produces ’wrong’ recommendations—taxation (subsidisation) of ...
    • An alternative way to model merit good arguments 

      Schroyen, Fred (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2002)
      Besley (1988) uses a scaling approach to model merit good arguments in commodity tax policy. In this paper, I question this approach on the grounds that it produces ’wrong’ recommendations—taxation (subsidisation) of ...
    • Amateur or professional? : a new look at 19th century patentees in Norway 

      Basberg, Bjørn L. (Discussion paper;12/2012, Working paper, 2012-05)
      The paper analyses Norwegian 19th century patentees. A special focus is on the affiliation or relationship of the patentees to the manufacturing industries, business and the wider economy. A main question is whether the ...
    • Ambiguity Attitudes in the Loss Domain: Decisions for Self versus Others. 

      Xu, Yilong; Xu, Xiaogeng; Tucker, Peter (DP SAM;11/2018, Working paper, 2018-05)
      We study whether people’s ambiguity attitudes differ when deciding for themselves or for others in the loss domain. We find no differences in ambiguity attitudes between self- and other-regarding decision-making. Our results ...
    • An analysis of the two-bidder all-pay auction with common values 

      Chi, Chang Koo (DP SAM;17/2018, Working paper, 2018-08)
      This paper studies a symmetric two-bidder all-pay auction where the bidders compete for a prize whose unknown common value is either high or low. The bidders’ private signals (or types) are discrete and affiliated through ...
    • Anatomy of cartel contracts 

      Hyytinen, Ari; Steen, Frode; Toivanen, Otto (Discussion paper;25/2012, Working paper, 2012-12)
      We study cartel contracts using data on 18 contract clauses of 109 legal Finnish manufacturing cartels. One third of the clauses relate to raising profits; the others deal with instability through incentive compatibility, ...
    • A note on upward pricing pressure : the possibility of false positives 

      Mathiesen, Lars; Nilsen, Øivind Anti; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper;11/2012, Working paper, 2012-05)
      Farrell and Shapiro proposed a simple test of the possible upward pricing pressure (UPP) following a merger. They showed that the test may give false negatives, that is, indicate that a merger may not give an UPP, while ...
    • Antarctic tourism and the maritime heritage 

      Basberg, Bjørn L. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-09)
      Maritime activity in the Antarctic region goes back to the 18th Century. It evolved from exploration and discoveries to commercial activities, especially sealing and whaling. Antarctic tourism is a more recent phenomenon, ...
    • Any non-welfarist method of policy assessment violates the Pareto principle : a comment 

      Fleurbaey, Marc; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-09)