Now showing items 1-20 of 518

    • Industrial agglomeration and capital taxation 

      Kind, Hans Jarle; Midelfart, Karen Helene; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Discussion paper, Working paper, 1998-07)
      Models with imperfect competition and intra-industry trade have become widely accepted as appropriate frameworks within which to analyze the impact of trade liberalization on industrial agglomeration. This paper makes ...
    • International competition for multinational investment 

      Haaland, Jan Ingvald Meidell; Wooton, Ian (Discussion paper, Working paper, 1998-08)
      We examine the economic justification for providing investment subsidies to foreign-owned multinationals. These provide employment opportunities and generate demand for domestic intermediate inputs, produced by domestic ...
    • Sources of earnings dispersion in a linked employer-employee dataset : evidence from Norway 

      Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Lane, Julia; Burgess, Simon (Discussion paper, Working paper, 1998-09)
      We estimate a standard human capital earnings model, augmented to allow for different firmspecific wage premia. The earnings of an individual depend on her human capital bundle and the earnings mark-up of the firm she ...
    • Trade and development : is south-south co-operation a feasible strategy? 

      Møen, Jarle (Discussion paper, Working paper, 1998-10)
      The first part of this article gives a brief overview of the main problems facing the developing countries in the present international trading system, and reviews the debate on import substitution vs. export promotion. ...
    • Collude, compete, or both? : deregulation in the Norwegian airline industry 

      Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Steen, Frode; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 1998-10)
      The purpose of this paper is to test the nature of competition concerning price and capacity setting in the Norwegian airline industry after the deregulation in 1994. Did the two airlines, SAS and Braathens, compete on ...
    • What determines the economic geography of Europe? 

      Haaland, Jan Ingvald Meidell; Kind, Hans Jarle; Midelfart, Karen Helene; Torstensson, Johan (Discussion paper, Working paper, 1998-10)
      This paper focuses on what the driving forces behind industry localisation in Europe are. Based on traditional as well as new trade theory and new economic geography our cross-sectoral empirical analysis seeks to explain ...
    • Poverty measurement : the critical comparison value 

      Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 1998-11)
      The basic problem in poverty measurement is how to weigh the income of different groups. This is a normative problem on which people differ in opinion, and hence we should seek a way of dealing with the issue that takes ...
    • The indexing impasse : is "the intersection approach" a solution? 

      Brun, Bernt Christian; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 1998-11)
      Rawls (1971,1993) suggests that interpersonal comparisons of well-being should be based on a primary goods index, but it is well-known that in general this approach is not compatible with the Pareto principle. This is ...
    • Firm exit, vintage effect and the business cycle in Norway 

      Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Tveterås, Ragnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 1998-12)
      In spite of the large and growing literature on producer heterogeneity and firm exit behavior, little attention has been paid to the vintage capital theory of firm exits as an alternative hypothesis to learning/selection. ...
    • Work requirements and long term poverty 

      Schroyen, Fred; Torsvik, Gaute (Discussion paper, Working paper, 1999)
      We study how work requirements can be used to target transfers to the long term poor. Without commitment, time consistency requires all screening measures to be concentrated in the first phase of the program. We show ...
    • Employment policies at the plant level : job and worker flows for heterogeneous labour in Norway 

      Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 1999-03)
      Despite the large degree of plant-specific heterogeneity in turnover patterns recently found in the gross job and worker literature, very little is known about the sources of the heterogeneity in plant level employment policies. ...
    • Towards a competitive society? : the promotion of competition as a goal of economic policy 

      Sandmo, Agnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 1999-04)
      This paper discusses the problems involved in considering competition policy as a separate area of economic policy. Two problems are given special attention. The first is the doubtful efficiency gain from enforcing ...
    • Competing for capital in a "lumpy" world 

      Kind, Hans Jarle; Midelfart, Karen Helene; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Discussion paper, Working paper, 1999-04)
    • Integration and transition : scenarios for location of production and trade in Europe 

      Forslid, Rikard; Haaland, Jan Ingvald Meidell; Midelfart, Karen Helene; Mæstad, Ottar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 1999-05)
      Applying a newly developed CGE-model, we present scenarios for the future economic geography of Europe. The model divides the world into ten regions, of which five are European, and there are 14 industries, of which 12 ...
    • A U-shaped Europe? : a simulation study of industrial location 

      Forslid, Rikard; Haaland, Jan Ingvald Meidell; Midelfart, Karen Helene (Discussion paper, Working paper, 1999-09)
      This paper uses a full-scale CGE-model - calibrated on 1992 data - to investigate the effects of European integration on the location of industrial production. Our results reveal large differences among individual ...
    • EU integration and outsiders : a simulation study of industrial location 

      Baldwin, Richard E.; Forslid, Rikard; Haaland, Jan Ingvald Meidell; Midelfart, Karen Helene (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-02)
      This paper focuses on the location effects of preferential trade areas (PTA) on non-members. More specifically, using a CGE model calibrated to real data, it focuses on the impact of tighter European integration on ...
    • Price discrimination and three part tariffs in a duopoly 

      Jensen, Sissel (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-03)
      The paper studies how second degree price discrimination can be implemented in a duopoly with differentiated products. Two firms serve consumers having heterogeneous willingness to pay for the good, willingness to pay ...
    • Assessing the effects of early retirement programs 

      Bratberg, Espen; Holmås, Tor Helge; Thøgersen, Øystein (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-04)
      We investigate induced retirement effects of the Norwegian early retirement program ”AFP” and emphasize effects caused by relocations of some individuals from disability pension to AFP. Our theoretical model predicts ...
    • Merger profitability in unionized oligopoly 

      Lommerud, Kjell Erik; Straume, Odd Rune; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-05)
      We examine how a merger affects wages of unionized labour and, in turn, the profitability of a merger under both Cournot and Bertrand competition. If unions are plant-specific, we find that a merger is more profitable ...
    • Private labels, price rivalry, and public policy 

      Gabrielsen, Tommy Staahl; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-06)
      The article examines how the existence of a retailer owned brand, private label, affects the price setting of a national brand. We find that the potential for a private label introduction may lead to price concessions ...