Recent Submissions

  • Incarceration, Recidivism and Employment. 

    Bhuller, Manudeep; Dahl, Gordon B.; Løken, Katrine V.; Mogstad, Magne (DP SAM;14/2018, Working paper, 2018-06)
    Understanding whether, and in what situations, time spent in prison is criminogenic or preventive has proven challenging due to data availability and correlated unobservables. This paper overcomes these challenges in the ...
  • Public R&D Support and Firms’ Performance A Panel Data Study. 

    Nilsen, Øivind Anti; Raknerud, Arvid; Iancu, Diana-Cristina (DP SAM;13/2018, Working paper, 2018-06)
    We analyse all the major sources of direct and indirect R&D subsidies in Norway in the period 2002-2013 and compare their effects on individual firms’ performance. Firms that received support are matched with a control ...
  • Time-Dependency in Producers’ Price Adjustments: Evidence from Micro Panel Data. 

    Nilsen, Øivind Anti; Pettersen, Per Marius; Bratlie, Joakim (DP SAM;12/2018, Working paper, 2018-06)
    Existing micro evidence of firms’ price changes tends to show a downward sloping hazard rate – the longer the price of a product has remained the same, the less likely it is that the price will change. Using a panel of ...
  • Ambiguity Attitudes in the Loss Domain: Decisions for Self versus Others. 

    Xu, Yilong; Xu, Xiaogeng; Tucker, Peter (DP SAM;11/2018, Working paper, 2018-05)
    We study whether people’s ambiguity attitudes differ when deciding for themselves or for others in the loss domain. We find no differences in ambiguity attitudes between self- and other-regarding decision-making. Our results ...
  • The (un)compromise effect 

    Ekström, Mathias (DP SAM;10/2018, Working paper, 2018-05)
    The compromise effect—i.e., the preference for the middle option—is an established bias in behavioral economics, but has not been experimentally validated in the field. In the current study I test the compromise effect ...
  • The Role of Parenthood on the Gender Gap among Top Earners 

    Bütikofer, Aline; Jensen, Sissel; Salvanes, Kjell G. (DP SAM;9/2018, Working paper, 2018-04)
    Is the wage penalty due to motherhood larger among highly qualified women? In this paper, we study the effect of parenthood on the careers of high-achieving women relative to high-achieving men in a set of high-earning ...
  • Fairness in Winner-Take-All Markets 

    Bartling, Björn; Cappelen, Alexander W.; Ekström, Mathias; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil (DP SAM;8/2018, Working paper, 2018-04)
    The paper reports the first experimental study on people’s fairness views on extreme income inequalities arising from winner-take-all reward structures. We find that the majority of participants consider extreme income ...
  • Relational Incentive Contracts and Performance Measurement. 

    Chi, Chang Koo; Olsen, Trond E. (DP SAM;7/2018, Working paper, 2018-04)
    This paper analyzes relational contracts under moral hazard. We first show that if the available information (signal) about effort satisfies a generalized monotone likelihood ratio property, then irrespective of whether ...
  • Measuring Market Power in Gasoline Retailing: A Market- or Station Phenomenon? 

    Nguyen-Ones, Mai; Steen, Frode (DP SAM;6/2018, Working paper, 2018-04)
    Applying detailed consecutive daily micro data at the gasoline station level from Sweden we estimate a structural model to uncover the degree of competition in the gasoline retail market. We find that retailers do exercise ...
  • Empowering the disabled through savings groups: Experimental evidence from Uganda. 

    Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Tungodden, Bertil (DP SAM;5/2018, Working paper, 2018-03)
    We report from the first randomized controlled trial of a development program targeting people with disabilities: a village savings‐ and loans program in rural Uganda. We find that it has had a strong, positive impact ...
  • The Impact of Paid Maternity Leave on Maternal Health 

    Bütikofer, Äline; Riise, Julie; Skira, Meghan (DP SAM;4/2018, Working paper, 2018-03)
    We examine the impact of the introduction of paid maternity leave in Norway in 1977 on maternal health. Before the policy reform, mothers were eligible for 12 weeks of unpaid leave. Mothers giving birth after July 1, 1977 ...
  • On the Effect of Parallel Trade on Manufacturers’ and Retailers’ Profits in the Pharmaceutical Sector. 

    Dubois, Pierre; Sæthre, Morten (DP SAM;3/2018, Working paper, 2018-02)
    Differences in regulated pharmaceutical prices within the European Economic Area create arbitrage opportunities that pharmacy retailers can use through parallel imports. For prescription drugs under patent, such provision ...
  • A Fundamental Externality in the Labour Market? Ragnar Frisch on the socially optimal amount of work. 

    Sandmo, Agnar (DP SAM;2/2018, Working paper, 2018-01)
    In the late 1940s, Ragnar Frisch published two articles in Norwegian that constitute a pioneering attempt to apply welfare economics to a problem of economic policy. The main contention of the articles is that there exists ...
  • The Effects of a Day Off from Retail Price Competition: Evidence on Consumer Behavior and Firm Performance in Gasoline Retailing. 

    Foros, Øystein; Nguyen-Ones, Mai; Steen, Frode (DP SAM;1/2018, Working paper, 2018-01)
    First, we analyze how regular days off from competition and a time-dependent price pattern affect firm performance. Second, we examine the effects on firms' profitability from consumers’ changing search- and timing behavior. ...
  • Attitudes towards large income risk in welfare states: an international comparison. 

    Schroyen, Fred; Aarbu, Karl Ove (DP SAM;20/2017, Working paper, 2017-12)
    Using survey data and the instrument developed by Barsky et al. (1997), we estimate the distribution of attitudes towards income risk in a country where many employment and health-related risks are generously covered by a ...
  • Household bargaining and spending on children: Experimental evidence from Tanzania. 

    Ringdal, Charlotte; Sjursen, Ingrid Hoem (DP SAM;19/2017, Working paper, 2017-10)
    It is frequently assumed that money in the hands of women leads to better out-comes for their children than money in the hands of men. However, empirical and theoretical evidence are mixed. We conduct a novel between-subject ...
  • What limits the powerful in imposing the morality of their authority? 

    Schøyen, Øivind (DP SAM;18/2017, Working paper, 2017-10)
    This paper models a game between an authority, seeking to implement its preferred morality, and a parental generation, seeking to socialize a younger generation into the their own morality. The authority chooses a coercion ...
  • The Effects of Cognitive and Noncognitive Skills on Migration Decisions. 

    Bütikofer, Aline; Peri, Giovanni (DP SAM;17/2017, Working paper, 2017-09)
    There is growing evidence that cognitive and noncognitive skills affect the economic and social outcomes of individuals. In this paper, we analyze how they affect the migration decisions of individuals during their lifetimes. ...
  • Samuel Pufendorf and Ludvig Holberg on Political Economy 

    Sæther, Arild (DP SAM;15/2017, Working paper, 2017)
    My interest in the history of economic thought goes several decades back. My studies in the Dano-Norwegian history of economic thought brought me to Ludvig Holberg (1684-1754). As many of you are aware of Holberg is known ...
  • War of attrition with affiliated values. 

    Chi, Chang Koo; Murto, Pauli; Välimäki, Juuso (DP SAM;16/2017, Working paper, 2017)
    We study the war of attrition between two players when the players’ signals are binary and affiliated. Our model covers both the case of common values and affiliated private values. We characterize the unique symmetric ...

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