Recent Submissions

  • The gender wage gap in developed countries 

    Kunze, Astrid (DP SAM;09/2017, Working paper, 2017)
    Despite the increased attachment of women to the labour force in nearly all developed countries, a stubborn gender pay gap remains. This chapter provides a review of the economics literature on the gender wage gap, with ...
  • Navigating through torpedo attacks and enemy raiders: Merchant shipping and freight rates during World War I 

    Klovland, Jan Tore (SAM;07/2017, Working paper, 2017)
    During World War I ocean freight rates rose to extraordinary levels. Using a new monthly dataset it is shown that freight rates can be well explained by economic activity, commodity prices, war risk and world tonnage in ...
  • Studier i konkurranse- og energipolitikk 

    Hope, Einar (Book, 2017-05)
    I denne antologien har jeg samlet et utvalg skriftlige arbeider, blant i alt i overkant av hundre med smått og stort, som jeg har forfattet i perioden 2004 – 2016; noen sammen med andre. I utvalget har jeg lagt vekt på ...
  • The merit primacy effect 

    Cappelen, Alexander W.; Moene, Karl Ove; Skjelbred, Siv-Elisabeth; Tungodden, Bertil (DP SAM;6/2017, Working paper, 2017)
    Do people give primacy to merit when luck partly determines earnings? This paper reports from a novel experiment where third-party spectators have to decide whether to redistribute from a high-earner to a low-earner in ...
  • Euler Equations, Subjective Expectations and Income Shocks. 

    Attanasio, Orazio; Kovacs, Agnes; Molnar, Krisztina (DP SAM;05, Working paper, 2017-04)
    In this paper, we make three substantive contributions: first, we use elicited subjective income expectations to identify the levels of permanent and transitory income shocks in a life-cycle framework; second, we use these ...
  • Seasonal Social Preferences. 

    Ekström, Mathias (DP SAM;4/2017, Working paper, 2017-03)
    Christmas is when people are expected to act selflessly for the well-being of others, but are people actually more altruistic at this time of the year? Responding to this question poses a challenge because of the confounding ...
  • Competition and physician behaviour: Does the competitive environment affect the propensity to issue sickness certificates? 

    Brekke, Kurt R.; Holmås, Tor Helge; Monstad, Karin; Straume, Odd Rune (DP SAM;3, Working paper, 2017)
    Competition among physicians is widespread, but compelling empirical evidence on the impact on service provision is limited, mainly due to lack of exogenous variation in the degree of competition. In this paper we exploit ...
  • Organizational Design with Portable Skills 

    Picariello, Luca (DP SAM;02, Working paper, 2017-02)
    Workers can move across firms and take with them portable skills. This has an impact on how firms are organized and allocate tasks across workers. To reduce mobility, a profit maximizing firm may inefficiently allocate ...
  • Should the marginal tax rate be negative? Ragnar Frisch on the socially optimal amount of work. 

    Sandmo, Agnar (DP SAM;1/2017, Working paper, 2017-01-26)
    In the late 1940s, Ragnar Frisch published two articles in Norwegian that constitute a pioneering attempt to apply welfare economics to a problem of economic policy. The main contention of the articles is that there exists ...
  • Intermittent Price Changes in Production Plants: Empirical Evidence using Monthly Data. 

    Nilsen, Øivind A.; Vange, Magne (DP SAM;22, Working paper, 2016-12)
    The price-setting behaviour of manufacturing plants is examined using a large panel of monthly surveyed plant- and product-specific prices. The sample shows a high frequency of zero changes, relatively small price changes, ...
  • Price Changes - Stickiness and Internal Coordination in Multiproduct Firms. 

    Letterie, Wilko; Nilsen, Øivind A. (DP SAM;21, Working paper, 2016-12)
    We assess empirically the micro-foundations of producers’ sticky pricing behaviour. We account for various functional forms of menu costs. The focus is on the analysis of multiproduct plants, and the menu costs therefore ...
  • Households’ responses to price changes of formal childcare. 

    Andersland, Leroy; Nilsen, Øivind A. (DP SAM; 20, Working paper, 2016-12)
    The current understanding about how households respond to price changes in formal childcare is not extensive. This study examines this response through a 1998 reform in Norway that introduced a money transfer to families ...
  • Determinants of long-term economic growth redux: A Measurement Error Model Averaging (MEMA) approach. 

    Doppelhofer, Gernot; Hansen, Ole-Petter Moe; Weeks, Melwyn (DP SAM: 19, Working paper, 2016-12)
    This paper estimates determinants of long-run growth rates of GDP per capita in a cross section of countries. We propose a novel Measurement Error Model Averaging (MEMA) approach that accounts for measurement error in ...
  • Explaining the gender wage gap: Estimates from a dynamic model of job changes and hours changes. 

    Liu, Kai (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
    I address the causes of the gender wage gap with a new dynamic model of wage, hours, and job changes that permits me to decompose the gap into a portion due to gender differences in preferences for hours of work and in ...
  • Cutthroat capitalism versus cuddly socialism: Are Americans more meritocratic and efficiency-seeking than Scandinavians? 

    Almås, Ingvild; Cappelen, Alexander; Tungodden, Bertil (DP SAM;18/2016, Working paper, 2016-11-29)
    There is a striking difference in income inequality and redistributive policies between the United States and Scandinavia. To study whether there is a corresponding cross-country difference in social preferences, we ...
  • Job Loss and Regional Mobility. 

    Huttunen, Kristiina; Møen, Jarle; Salvanes, Kjell G. (DP SAM;17/2016, Working paper, 2016-11-29)
    It is well documented that displaced workers suffer severe earnings losses, but not why this is so. One reason may be that workers are unable or unwilling to move to regions with better employment opportunities. We study ...
  • Do Fossil fuel Taxes Promote Innovation in Renewable Electricity Generation? 

    Lazkano, Itziar; Pham, Linh (DP SAM;16/2016, Working paper, 2016-11-29)
    We evaluate the role of a fossil fuel tax and research subsidy in directing innovation from fossil fuel toward renewable energy technologies in the electricity sector. Using a global firm-level electricity patent database ...
  • Childhood Nutrition and Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence from a School Breakfast Program 

    Bütikofer, Aline; Mølland, Eirin; Salvanes, Kjell G. (DP SAM;15/2016, Working paper, 2016-11-29)
    While a growing literature documents the short-term effects of public programs providing children with nutritious food, there is scarce evidence of the long-term eects of such programs. This paper studies the long-term ...
  • Education and mobility 

    Machin, Stephen; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Pelkonen, Panu (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
    We show that the length of compulsory education has a causal impact on regional labour mobility. The analysis is based on a quasi-exogenous staged Norwegian school reform, and register data on the whole ...
  • The pluralism of fairness ideals: An experimental approach 

    Cappelen, Alexander W.; Hole, Astri Drange; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2007)
    A core question in the contemporary debate on distributive justice is how to understand fairness in situations involving production. Important theories of distributive justice, such as strict egalitarianism, liberal ...

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