Effect of Two Different Training Programs with the Same Workload on Soccer Overhead Throwing Velocity
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionTillaar, R. J. W. & Marques, M. (2009). Effect of Two Different Training Programs with the Same Workload on Soccer Overhead Throwing Velocity. International journal of sports physiology and performance, 4(4), 474-484
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether two throwing programs, based upon velocity or resistance with the same workload, would enhance soccer overhead throwing velocity. Methods: Sports science students (n = 64, age 21.1 ± 2.1 y, mass 71.1 ± 11 kg, height 1.75 ± 0.09 m; mean ± SD) divided into two groups matched on performance, participated in the study. The resistance-training group trained overhead throwing with a 5-kg medicine ball for two sets of 8 reps per session, whereas a velocity training group threw four sets of 16 reps with a regular soccer ball. These training programs were matched on workload. Throwing performance with a soccer ball and a 5-kg medicine ball were tested before and after a training period of 6 wk with two sessions per week. Results: Both groups significantly increased the throwing velocity with the soccer ball (resistance-training group: 3.2% [1.0?5.5%)]; P= .003 and velocity-training group: 5.1% [2.6?7.7%]; P < .001), whereas no substantial changes were found for throwing with the 5-kg medicine ball after the training period. No substantial differences between the groups were found, which indicates that both forms of training increased the throwing velocity. Conclusions: It is concluded that both velocity and resistance throwing training programs after a short period of training with the same workload can increase throwing velocity and that workload is of importance in designing training programs and comparing them with each other.