Care and support services provided for children orephand [i.e. orphaned] and made vulnerable by AIDS in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (the case of Addis Ketema Sub-City)
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This study focuses on to investigate and understand how care and support services provided by CBO and NGO for children orphaned by AIDS. Qualitative Case Study Methodology were selected and used. In order to generate primary data In-depth interviews and Field observations have been conducted. Totally 16 people were interviewed: children orphaned by AIDS, guardians, home care providers, program officer of CHAD-ET, WFP and Desk head of HAPCO Sub-city. In addition, important secondary data from a Varity of sources have been collected. In order to analyze and interpret the data grounded theory inethod were used. The result of this study showed that children orphaned by AIDS are facing economic, social and psychological problems. The magnitude of the problems als0 depends on the economic levels of the late parents and on the category of children. In this study four categories of children were identified: child headed families, children living with guardians, single orphaned children and vulnerable but neglected children. The two organizations are providing different types of services, such as: food, financial, educational, psychological, health care, stigma reduction, and legal support. But the case and support services provided were not adequate. In order to cope up with the situation children are using different coping strategies, but some of the coping mechanisms also expose the children for HIV infection. There are some common factors that affect the services provided by the two organizations, such as: stigma and discrimination, economic situation of the country, the magnitude of the problem, etc. Some of the challenges are specifically experienced by either of the two organizations. For instance, mistrust and misunderstanding by the community or local adrninistration is more related to CHAD-ET, while lack of adequate resources is the main challenge of Iddir Council.
Mastergradsoppgave i "Comparative social work" - Høgskolen i Bodø, 2005