Translation and testing of the Risk Assessment Pressure Ulcer Sore scale used among residents in Norwegian nursing homes
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionFossum, M., Söderhamn, O., Cliffordson, C., & Söderhamn, U. (2012). Translation and testing of the Risk Assessment Pressure Ulcer Sore scale used among residents in Norwegian nursing homes. BMJ Open, 2, 1-6. doi: http://dx.doi.org10.1136/bmjopen-2012-001575 10.1136/bmjopen-2012-001575
Objective. The purpose of this study was to translate and test the psychometric properties of the Norwegian-language version of the Risk Assessment Pressure Sore scale. Background. Risk assessment scales for pressure ulcer prevention have become an aspect of quality improvement in healthcare, but their effectiveness depends on the reliability and validity of the scale. Methods. A convenience sample of 481 residents in 15 nursing homes in rural Norway was included between January and June 2007. The English-language version of the Risk Assessment Pressure Sore scale was translated into Norwegian, and this scale was used to collect the data, including a skin examination. The number of pressure ulcers and grades were documented. Reliability was assessed in a small group of 26 residents and construct validity in the total study group. Results. Equivalence between two assessments regarding total scores of the Risk Assessment Pressure Sore scale was reflected in an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.95. Construct validity was supported, and the Risk Assessment Pressure Sore scale could define groups with expected low and high scores. Further evidence of construct validity was shown in a confirmatory factor analysis. Conclusion. The Norwegian version of the Risk Assessment Pressure Sore scale has shown sufficient psychometric properties to be considered a reliable and valid scale for identifying risk of pressure ulcers among nursing home residents. However, further testing is needed.
Published version of an article in the journal: BMJ Open. Also available from the publisher at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2012-001575 Open access