Design of wideband MIMO car-to-car channel models based on the geometrical street scattering model
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionAvazov, N., & Pätzold, M. (2012). Design of wideband MIMO car-to-car channel models based on the geometrical street scattering model. Modelling and Simulation in Engineering, 2012. doi: 10.1155/2012/264213 10.1155/2012/264213
We propose a wideband multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) car-to-car (C2C) channel model based on the geometrical street scattering model. Starting from the geometrical model, a MIMO reference channel model is derived under the assumption of single-bounce scattering in line-of-sight (LOS) and non-LOS (NLOS) propagation environments. The proposed channel model assumes an infinite number of scatterers, which are uniformly distributed in two rectangular areas located on both sides of the street. Analytical solutions are presented for the space-time-frequency cross-correlation function (STF-CCF), the two-dimensional (2D) space CCF, the time-frequency CCF (TF-CCF), the temporal autocorrelation function (ACF), and the frequency correlation function (FCF). An efficient sum-of-cisoids (SOCs) channel simulator is derived from the reference model. It is shown that the temporal ACF and the FCF of the SOC channel simulator fit very well to the corresponding correlation functions of the reference model. To validate the proposed channel model, the mean Doppler shift and the Doppler spread of the reference model have been matched to real-world measurement data. The comparison results demonstrate an excellent agreement between theory and measurements, which confirms the validity of the derived reference model. The proposed geometry-based channel simulator allows us to study the effect of nearby street scatterers on the performance of C2C communication systems.
Published version of an article in the journal: Modelling and Simulation in Engineering. Also available from the publisher at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/264213 Open access