Broadband wireless communication systems: Channel modeling and system performance analysis
Doctoral thesis, Peer reviewed
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Original versionMa, Y. (2011). Broadband wireless communication systems: Channel modeling and system performance analysis (Ph.D.), University of Agder, Kristiansand.
Wideband channel modeling, which can accurately describe the most important characteristics of wideband mobile fading channels, is essential for the design, evaluation, and optimization of broadband wireless communication systems. In the field of wideband channel modeling, the tradeoff between the prediction accuracy and simulation efficiency has to be taken into account. On one hand, channel models should be as accurate as possible. On the other hand, channel models are supposed to be simple and easy to put into use. There are several commonly used approaches to channel modeling, e.g., measurement-based channel modeling and deterministic channel modeling. Both methods are efficient in capturing the fading behavior of real-world wireless channels. However, the resulting channel models are only valid for the specific environments as those where the measurements were carried out or the ray-tracing scenario was considered. Moreover, these methods are quite time consuming with high computational cost. Alternatively, the geometry-based stochastic channel modeling approach can be employed to model wideband mobile fading channels. The most attractive feature of this method is that the derived channel models are able to predict fading behavior for various propagation environments, and meanwhile they can be easily implemented. Thus, the dissertation will complete the wideband channel modeling task by adopt the geometry-based stochastic approach. In the dissertation, several geometry-based channel models are proposed for both outdoor and indoor propagation scenarios. The significance of the work lies in the fact that it develops channel models under more realistic propagation conditions which have seldom been considered, such as for non-isotropic scattering environxi ments and mobile-to-mobile (M2M) fading channels. In addition, the proposed channel models remove the scarcity that proper geometry-based channel models are missing for indoor environments. The most important statistical properties of the developed channel models including their temporal autocorrelation function (ACF), the two-dimensional (2D) space cross-correlation function (CCF), and the frequency correlation function (FCF) are analyzed. Furthermore, efficient channel simulators with low realization expenditure are obtained. Finally, the validity of the proposed channel models is demonstrated by comparing their analytical channel statistics with the empirical ones measured from real world channels. Besides the work in the field of wideband channel modeling, another part of the dissertation is dedicated to investigate the performance of SISO1 orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) broadband communication systems and space-time (ST) coded MIMO2 OFDM broadband communication systems. This work provides a deep insight into the performance of a broadband mobile radio communication system over realistic wideband fading channels. Analytical expressions are derived for bit error probability (BEP) or symbol error rate (SER) of systems. In order to confirm the correctness of the theoretical results as well as to show the usefulness of the wideband channel models in the testing and analysis of a broadband communication system, SISO OFDM systems and space-time coded MIMO OFDM systems are simulated in the dissertation. In order to improve the reliability of digital transmission over broadband wireless radio channels, a differential super-orthogonal space-time trellis code (SOSTTC) is designed for noncoherent communications, where neither the transmitter nor the receiver needs the channel state information (CSI) for decoding. In addition, a new decoding algorithm is proposed. The new algorithm has exactly the same decoding performance as the traditional one. However, it is superior from the standpoint of overall computing complexity.
Ph.D. Thesis The University of Agder, Faculty of Engineering and Science