Studies on blood proteins in herring
MetadataShow full item record
1. Hemoglobins and serum proteins of herring have been analyzed by agar gel electrophoresis (hemoglobins) and combined starch and agar gel electrophoresis (serum proteins). The material comprises twelve samples from the Norwegian coast and the North Sea and one sample from the east coast of Canada, a total of 1,546 specimens. 2. The results of the hemoglobin analyses were in general agreement with the ontogenetic variation described by WILKINS and ILES (1966). 3. Intraspecific variation was noted in the transferrin components. Three common transferrin types were found and assumed to be controlled by two allelomorphic genes. No relation to age or length was found. Presence of additional weak components complicated the type determination. Hemoglobins in the sera as well as prolonged storage made the type determination unreliable. 4. Observed albumin variations could be explained assuming control by two alleles, while observed variations in other serum protein groups were too weak or too diffuse for classification. A broad and diffuse band was found on the electrophoretograms from ripe females. 5. Considerable variations in the frequencies of the genes supposed to control the transferrin types were observed among samples. The type determinations were in some specimens complicated, but the observed variation were greater than what could be explained by incorrect type determination or sampling error. The variation therefore probably represent real differences among population units.
SeriesFiskeridirektoratets skrifter, Serie Havundersøkelser
vol 15 no 3