Design of a sonar for fish counting
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The paper described (a) A very high resolution echo-sounder, (b) A method of sorting echoes by amplitude and range, (c) A study of the analysis required to transform from distribution of echoes to distribution of targets. Under (a) the main parameters were - frequency 400 kHz - range resolution 15 centimetres - beam angle to half-power point 0.011 radians. The equipment for recording echoes (b) is a pulse height analyser. Echo information is stored in twenty range intervals, each subdivided into 20 categories of amplitude. It was shown (c) that the process of determining target distribution from echo distribution can be dealt with by computer, and resolves itself into a correction for angular spread of the beam, followed by a transformation to allow for the directivity pattern. This latter transformation is equivalent to solving twenty simultaneous linear equations for each range element. The coefficients of the equations are constants for the equipment, thus the set can be solved once, and the result applied to each successive range element by a simple programme.
SeriesFiskeridirektoratets skrifter, Serie Havundersøkelser
vol 15 no 3