|dc.description.abstract||A fishing experiment with multifilament, monofilament,
and monotwine gill nets in Lofoten during the spawning season of Arcto-Norwegian cod in
1974. FiskDir. Skr. Ser. HavUnders., 16: 531-550.
From 6 February to 30 March 1974 during the spawning migration of Arcto-Norwegian
cod, a fishing experiment with gill nets made of continuous multifilament nylon, nylon monofilament
and nylon monotwine was carried out in Lofoten.
The different types of nets were combined to make upone gill net setting consisting of 40 to
92 single nets, half of which were multifilament nylon nets and one quarter each monofilament
and monotwine nets. The sequence of the single nets was varied during the experiment.
The result for the total experiment was that the monofilament nets caught 26% (in
numbers) more cod than the multifilament nylon nets and 38% more than the monotwine nets.
For saithe the monotwine nets were apparently the most and the multifilament nylon nets the
The average length of the captured fish was slightly higher for the multifilament nylon than
for the monofilament nets whereas the fish caught by the monotwine nets were somewhat
Taking the length frequency of cod caught by purse seine in the same area during the
experiment as representative for the cod available to the gill nets, a log-normal distribution
selection curve was fitted for each of the three types of gill nets.
The mesh size used in the experiment (186 mm) was clearly too small to obtain maximum
catches of the available cod. Assuming proportionality between mesh size and mean selection
length gave optimum mesh sizes of 224 mm for nylon, 222 mm for monofilament and 234 mm
for monotwine. The ratios between the theoretical maximum catches thus obtained were:
Monofilament: Nylon = 1.46; Monotwine: Nylon = 1.48; Monotwine: Monofilament = 1.02.
Assuming that all length groups are equally numerous among the cod available to the nets,
ratios between the catch efficiency of the three nets, which should represent a more
general situation, were calculated, giving: Monofilament: Nylon = 1.23; Monotwine: Nylon
= 1.15; Monofilament: Monotwine = 1.07. However,the accuracy and the general validity of
these ratios are dependent on several factors of which the environmental conditions may be the