Formation of heavy bottom water in the Barents Sea
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Formation of heavy bottom water through rejection of brine during ide freezing is a regular phenomenon in the Barents Sea, particular on the Novaya Zemlya shelf, but also observed in other shallow localities of the sea. Water with temperature around -1°C and salinity above 34.95 is found moving eastwards on the southern side of the Novaya Zemlya-Franz Josef Land Channel which communicates with the Polar Sea. The relative high salinity is a result of admixture from heavy water formed during the freezing process.